Tantra is a complex and diverse set of spiritual practices and traditions that originated in ancient India. It is a spiritual path that emphasises the use of rituals, mantras, and visualisation to achieve spiritual goals. Tantra is often associated with the pursuit of spiritual liberation, but it can also be used for a variety of other purposes, such as achieving supernatural powers or attaining material success.
Tantra is based on the idea that the universe is a manifestation of the divine, and that by understanding and harnessing the underlying principles of the universe, one can achieve spiritual enlightenment. Tantra incorporates elements of yoga, meditation, and ritual, and it often involves the use of ritualised practices such as mantra recitation, visualisation, and the use of sacred diagrams known as yantras.
Tantra is often divided into two main categories: "left-handed" and "right-handed" tantra. Left-handed tantra is associated with more esoteric and transgressive practices, such as the use of alcohol, sexual rituals, and the worship of goddesses and other non-Vedic deities. Right-handed tantra is associated with more mainstream practices, such as the worship of specific deities and the use of traditional rituals and mantras.
In Hinduism and Buddhism, Tantra is considered an advanced spiritual practice that requires a high degree of spiritual maturity and discipline, and it is typically only attempted by those who have already attained some level of spiritual development.
It's worth mentioning that in recent times, the term Tantra has been used to refer to sexual practices, but that is a modern and limited interpretation of a complex spiritual tradition.
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